Globally Astonishing Features of Mongolian Cashmere
Use of cashmere originates from the time of Great Empire’s conquest, and an emergence of intercontinental free trade. Records about the use of cashmere apparels are found even at the time of ancient Greece and Roman Empire. It is reported that cashmere delivered from the East through sea routes was known to the Western users. According to Italian trader, Marco Polo who travelled from to the East in the 13th century at the time of Great Mongol Empire Mongolians were not only using cashmere apparels but also trading them to other countries.
Map of Marco Polo’s journey to the East Statue of Marco Polo in Ulaanbaatar city
British colonisation in the 19th century contributed also to expanding the use of cashmere goods in Europe. However, it has become a product of global use only started from the 60s. Today Mongolians are producing high quality of cashmere yarns and apparels based on combining its ancient experiences and the modern technology.
Goat usually lives in the altitude. The goat`s cashmere is different depending on weather condition of the country they are living. Averagely 250 gram cashmere is combed from one goat. 9-10 meter fibre is spinned with 1 gram pure cashmere. 35-40 percent of the whole cashmere in world is produced in Mongolia. Cashmere thread diameter of Mongolian goat is 13.0-16.5 mkm, average length is 38-45 mm. Cashmere of Mongolian goat is warmer than other countries’ cashmere because of Mongolian harsh climate. Cashmere products are very light, soft and delicate. It is special with its quality to keep warmth and form. As well as, it is always in the market.